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Cough, colds or flu connected with sore throat

Throat infection is one of the most widespread causes of losing capacity to work. Common colds occur in adults and children mostly in the rainy season months.

One of the most common causes of a cold infection is a bacterial or viral infection of the throat and larynx. A throat infection can also be caused by fungi. It is important to remember what group of pathogens has caused the pain in the throat. It is what determines treatment of the throat infection in children and adults.

If the disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract is caused by bacteria, it may require treatment with antibiotics, whereas if your cold is caused by a virus, antibacterial treatment is not only useless, but can have severe consequences.

Treatment

Only the doctor can decide on the type of treatment you need for your cold. But it is useful to know that a cold infection of a viral nature (flu, an adenovirus infection or a rhinovirus, etc.) has been caused through contact with a carrier of the virus and that the incubation period for these infectious diseases is usually between 1 and 5 days, whereupon the disease can manifest itself fairly clearly: with fever and shivering, a sore throat and a runny nose, etc. In addition to the above, respiratory diseases that are caused by bacteria (a staphylococcal or streptococcal throat infection and many others) can develop in the system with no symptoms for up to two weeks, without any contact with a carrier. Representatives for these pathogens can live in the system for years, activated only when the immune system is weakened as a result of hypothermia, stress, poor diet or even a virus infection. Similarly, a bacterial infection can occur as a result of a complication caused by a viral infection.

Whatever the exact nature of the common cold, the use of medicinal products that act locally plays an important part in their combined treatment, soothing the irritated mucous membranes in the throat, eliminating the deposits left by the micro-organisms and alleviating the pain. Such remedies include Bactidol® which works in as fast as 30 seconds to kill up to 99% of sore throat causing viruses so it doesn’t worsen to a cough, cold or flu.*

It is a well-known fact that, more often than not, it is children of pre-school age who catch colds. This is linked to the fact that, in children, the immune system is formed in the first years of life, when the system is building up a "knowledge base" of infections and is learning how to fight them. A child's system is exceedingly sensitive to external infection, namely contact with carriers of an infection, which can occur at school, hospital, on public transport and in the playground.

How to hasten recovery

How can we avoid catching colds? The answer to this question is in strengthening the immune system. Preventing colds involves boosting the tone of the body: following a balanced diet rich in nutritious elements, vitamins and minerals, observing a daily routine with proper rest and avoiding psychological stress.

Effective ways of preventing colds affecting the throat and nose involve developing hardiness, sports and regular walks in the fresh air.

* Reference:

1Wile DB. Hexetidine: A report on its antibacterial and antifungal properties on the oral flora in healthy subjects. Cur. Med. Res. Opin. (1986), p. 12

2Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation Federal State Budget Institution. Study of in vitro antiviral activity of Hexetidine against a number of viruses causing acute respiratory infection. 2014 (Data on File)

3Deryabin PG et. Al. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Vol. 160, No. 3, January 2016 VIROLOGY

4The telegraph. Accessed from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/jobs/8806388/Top-10-causes-of-absenteeism.html . Accessed on 6 May 2016