It is a well-known fact that children are often sick.
Children are often easy prey for a variety of viruses, bacteria and fungal infections.
A child is particularly susceptible to infections. The immune system – the body's ability to resist infection – is only formed between the ages of 11 and 14. Sore throats are caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infections, since a child's immune system has not yet built up resistence to pathogenic micro-organisms.
Respiratory infections, easily transmitted through airborne droplets, are the most common illnesses in children. Parents of children who attend nursery school are well aware of transmission ease: it is enough for one child in the group to become sick to infect many others.
The frequent occurrence of acute respiratory infections can be explained by the characteristics of the children's immune system – up to ages 12-14, the system is usually "learning" how to deal with infections. However, in younger children, ARIs, ARVIs and similar diseases affecting the throat, including acute and chronic pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis (commonly known as children's purulent angina) occur fairly often.
Throat infections may start with a general feeling of listlessness and often a raised temperature. When a child's throat is inflammed, he or she will complain of a tickle, hoarseness, soreness and other unpleasant symptoms. A runny nose and a cough can follow. There may be a white deposit in the throat, possibly linked to a fungal infection in the oral cavity, such as thrush.
When a child has a sore throat, he or she may become moody, refuse to eat, have disrupted sleep – all signs that show the child is sick (after all, children are often unable to describe their feelings), and you should seek a diagnosis to start treatment.
A medical professional provides the best advice on how to treat your child's sore throat. Treatment should be carried out in conjunction with other methods, and a doctor can prescribe the correct combination of the medicines. Knowing from what age a particular product can be used is important, as are the proportions of combined medicines, and duration of treatment. This will ensure that the sore throat is completely cured and avoid a relapse.
Medicinal products for the treatment of infectious inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract must possess anti-inflammatory properties with an anti-microbial effect, as well as act gently on the mucous membranes, preserving their immuno-biological balance. Hexetidine (BACTIDOL®) directly targets the cause of the disease – the infection – since it contains antiseptic properties with a broad range of antibacterial and anti-fungal effects.
How to prevent a cold
The stronger a child's immune system, the less susceptible he or she will be to colds. Preventing throat diseases in children depends primarily on strengthening the immune system and toughening up all body functions.
The frequency of respiratory diseases occurrence depends on the ability of the child's immune system to fight infection.
It is important to strengthen the body with physical training and exercise, to spend more time outdoors, to eat well and keep regular hours – then your child will not have less chance of catching a cold.